Friday, December 10, 2010

Animation 101: 7 Creative Principles of Pixar...

Good stuff by John Lasseter, enjoy...

1. Never come up with just one idea. “Regardless of whether you want to write a book, design a piece of furniture or make an animated movie: At the beginning, don’t start with just one idea – it should be three. “The reason is simple. If a producer comes to me with a proposal for a new project, then usually he has mulled over this particular idea for a very long time. That limits him. My answer always reads: ‘Come again when you have three ideas, and I don’t mean one good and two bad. I want three really good ideas, of which you cannot decide the best. You must be able to defend all three before me. Then we’ll decide which one you’ll realise. “The problem with creative people is that they often focus their whole attention on one idea. So, right at the beginning of a project, you unnecessarily limit your options. Every creative person should try that out. You will be surprised how this requirement suddenly forces you to think about things you hadn’t even considered before. Through this detachment, you suddenly gain new perspectives. And believe me, there are always three good ideas. At least.”

2. Remember the first laugh. “A big problem in the creative process is related to the enhancement of your ideas,” cautions Mr Lasseter. “Revising, retouching, refining is very important, but it carries a danger. “If you have a story, a joke, a thought, which you write down, it loses its effect over time. It wears itself out. When you hear a joke for the second time you still laugh heartily, on the third or fourth occasion already less so, and when you hear it the hundredth time, you hate it. I say to my authors: ‘Take notice of the first laugh, write it down if necessary. This may at times be bothersome, but it is important. Many times, good things got lost because people could not remember anymore how it felt when they heard the idea for the first time.”

3. Quality is a great business plan. Period. “There is a crucial rule: no compromises. No compromises on quality – regardless of production constraints, cost constraints, or a deadline. If you get a better idea, and this means that you have to start again from scratch, then that’s what you have to do. “In any creative industry, quality is the sole business plan that prevails in the long run. Many managers fail to understand that, but the spectators understand it. The process is only finished once the creative professional in charge says it’s finished. That does not mean that there isn’t to be any pressure – there’s pressure all the time anyway – but the individual creator always needs to have the last word.”

4. It’s the team, stupid. “One of the most popular questions is always whether groups are more creative than individuals. My answer: In most cases, it’s the team – provided you follow certain rules”, says Mr Lasseter. “As a manager, it is my task to abolish hierarchies. It doesn’t matter at all who has the idea; that’s a very important rule for us. The group must be honest, direct, and endeavour to sincerely help the creative individual. But in the end, nothing that the group says is binding”.

5. Fun invokes creativity, not competition. “There is this idea that you put two people, who cannot stand each other, into a room, hoping that all this negative energy leads to a creative result. I disagree. Co-operation, confidence and fun – that is the way”, says Mr Lasseter. He emphasises the complex managerial challenge to successfully motivate creative employees, and to create a climate conducive for creativity. “Creative people must believe that all others support them in making a great movie. They need to believe that all people involved understand what they talk about. Creative people are easily bored, moody, a bit difficult to handle. You have to make it fun for them, care for them. Creative people only produce really good work if you creatively challenge them. They have to like what they’re working on. They have to be damn proud of the fact that they’re a part of a particular project. That is again the task of the manager. Each time, you have to give them creative challenges. That’s difficult, but nobody said it is easy to lead creative people.”

6. Creative output always reflects the person on top. “Poor managers harm the creative process,” as John Lasseter knows from personal experience. After landing his dream job as animator at the Disney Animation Studios in the late seventies, his outspoken individuality and creative extravaganzas quickly made him enemies among mediocre middle managers at Disney. Within a few years, Mr Lasseter became a victim of internal politics and got fired. Committed to go his own way, Mr Lasseter became one of the founders of Pixar in 1986. Twenty years later, following Pixar’s acquisition by The Walt Disney Company, Mr Lasseter returned in triumph as chief creative officer of both animation studios. “Laughter, being crazy, freaking out, behaving in ridiculous manner are hard work. A manager who spreads his bad mood and who forbids his employees to have fun impairs their creativity, and thus harms the enterprise. I would fire him. Animated movies are not least a bang-hard business. I cannot risk so much money, only because a manager indulging in his bad mood harms my business.”

7. Surround yourself with creative people whom you trust. Being an accomplished creative leader, John Lasseter gives some direct advice to junior creative leaders in progress. “Bring only those new members into your creative team, whom you consider to be at least as talented as you. If they also have a pleasant and nice character – even better. Most managers don’t follow this approach, as they are insecure. Insecurity and creativity do not get along with each other well. Most managers surround themselves with yes-men, and in result, the audiences get bad films to see,” explains Mr Lasseter.


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  2. Excellent stuff Patrick, thanks for sharing :)

    If only one other studio in Hollywood followed them with the same heart as the guys at Pixar, who know what kind of awesome movies we could be watching!

  3. There are some good ideas here. I'm not sure about all of them.

    1. Alright, but doesn't presenting three ideas give groups leniency to pick the least risky? I'm not entirely convinced of this idea's ability to work effectively as stated here in a group environment. It seems too easy to pick an idea for the wrong reasons, and it seems like it could work as much as a tool for collaborators to have their say early on, a piece of cooperative candy, as much as a means for the creative person in charge to create the best story.

    I get the idea behind two, though the example laughter implies that the film is a comedy, which might not necessarily be true. How well would it work if you reversed #2 and applied it to other events of your life, reminding your self how much you used to hate something but got adjusted to it as time went on?

    4. "As a manager, it's my task to abolish creative hierarchies." A bit hypocritical there? Isn't being a manager itself part of a hierarchy? I get the general idea, but a bit too idealistically phrased. I get that nothing the group says is binding, but what about peer pressure?

    It makes me think though, because if we don't suffer through something done the wrong way, will we appreciate the right way? This list seems to be heavily informed by negative experiences.

    I haven't found anything to criticize for 3,5,6, or 7. The list generally sounds like good advice, but the thing you have to remember is that there's always other advice to give. The way I see it, you shouldn't just ask whether the advice you're given is good, but also why you should accept that particular advice if it is good, as compared to other good advice.

    I've read advice suggesting you look on the web to look for the cheapest hotel room. I've also read advice that you should ask at the hotel to see your room before you decide to stay there, because the hotel staff will show you a good room in order to maximize the likelihood of your staying at the hotel. Both pieces of advice seem good, but you can't very well accept both.

  4. Great post, Patrick. Thanks for getting this up- wish I had found it sooner!

    So much interweb, so little time...
    Cheers, M.

  5. Well now we all now why this one and many other companies have succeed in the world, but well if we want to be like this, we need to be like them.